Dog ear mites are known as otocdectes cynotis, or odectic mites. Ear mites are not like fleas, because they do not feed off of their host’s blood. Instead, ear mites will feed off of ear wax, ear tissues and other oils inside the ear canal. Although dog ear mites are usually specific to the ears, they can in fact, spread to other parts of the body. Not only that, but ear mites are very contagious and will easily transfer from dog to dog, and sometimes even humans.
While ear mites are not generally a serious condition, they may lead to one if they are left untreated. Dog ear mites symptoms are very similar to an ear infection. It is important to keep an eye out for dog ear mites symptoms in order to seek proper diagnosis and treatment from your veterinarian.
Symptoms of ear mites
- Unpleasant odor
- Excess ear wax buildup
- Red, inflamed ears
- Head shaking
- Excessive itching
- Loss of coordination
- Head tilting
Often times, ear mites are confused for an ear infection. The main difference between ear infections and ear mites in dogs is that with ear mites, there will be mite debris. This resembles dark, coffee ground-looking discharge inside the ear canal. Sometimes ear mites may actually cause an ear infection if they are not treated, and vice-versa. This can be very serious and painful, and may lead to a ruptured eardrum which can cause hearing loss. Not only that, but bacteria from an from an ear infection may enter the bloodstream causing illness.
Treatment for ear mites
If you suspect your dog may have an ear mite infestation, take your dog to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Your veterinarian will perform a few different tests to properly diagnose your dog’s condition, and advise the best dog ear mites treatment.
Antibiotics -Antibiotics are a common ear mites treatment option, and may be prescribed based on how severe your dog’s ear infestation is. These will help to prevent any secondary bacterial infections that may affect your dog’s bloodstream and lead to the organs. Antibiotics will also help reduce any swelling or inflammation in the ear canal, which can make it easier to apply any creams or ointments.
Ear drops -Ear drops are anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory and help to fight off bacteria caused by ear mites. Ear drops usually contain pytherin and piperonyl butoxide, both of which are powerful parasiticides. Ear drops for ear mites should only be used after the ear canal is free of wax buildup.
Topical treatments – These are commonly known as miticides, and can be applied to the outer ear of your dog. These topical treatments are also used to treat dog ear mites that have spread to other areas of your dog’s body. Topical dog ear mite treatments can be a little more difficult to apply to the inside of the ear, so they are best used to treat inflammation and infection on the outer ear flap. Using a cleansing solution before applying topical treatments will give you best results.
For more information about dog ear mites, mites on humans and home remedies, visit www.earmitesindogshelp.com